False Flooring India

false flooring india

  • (floored) provided with a floor

  • The boards or other material of which a floor is made

  • floor: the inside lower horizontal surface (as of a room, hallway, tent, or other structure); "they needed rugs to cover the bare floors"; "we spread our sleeping bags on the dry floor of the tent"

  • building material used in laying floors

  • faithlessly: in a disloyal and faithless manner; "he behaved treacherously"; "his wife played him false"

  • Not according with rules or law

  • Not according with truth or fact; incorrect

  • Appearing to be the thing denoted; deliberately made or meant to deceive

  • not in accordance with the fact or reality or actuality; "gave false testimony under oath"; "false tales of bravery"

  • arising from error; "a false assumption"; "a mistaken view of the situation"

  • (indian) of or relating to or characteristic of India or the East Indies or their peoples or languages or cultures; "the Indian subcontinent"; "Indian saris"

  • (indian) a member of the race of people living in America when Europeans arrived

  • a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia; second most populous country in the world; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947

  • A country in southern Asia that occupies the greater part of the Indian subcontinent; pop. 1,065,000,000; capital, New Delhi; official languages, Hindi and English (14 other languages are recognized as official in certain regions; of these, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu have the most first-language speakers)

  • A code word representing the letter I, used in radio communication

false flooring india - False Pretenses

False Pretenses

False Pretenses

When hotel CEO Brady Travers hires Sarah Powell for his Bermuda resort, she's thrilled with the opportunity to work with the sexy millionaire, especially since they shared one night of passion a month earlier. But when Sarah learns she is pregnant, her life turns upside-down.
Brady secretly hoped to keep Sarah safe since she carries a tiny piece of his dead wife inside her. But when his ruse is discovered, will the betrayal be too much for Sarah to bear?

When hotel CEO Brady Travers hires Sarah Powell for his Bermuda resort, she's thrilled with the opportunity to work with the sexy millionaire, especially since they shared one night of passion a month earlier. But when Sarah learns she is pregnant, her life turns upside-down.
Brady secretly hoped to keep Sarah safe since she carries a tiny piece of his dead wife inside her. But when his ruse is discovered, will the betrayal be too much for Sarah to bear?

81% (10)

Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Mas'ud Ganjshakar

Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Mas'ud Ganjshakar

131,942 items / 980,864 views

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Mas'ud Ganjshakar (Persian: ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???, Punjabi: ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???, ?????-??-??? ???????) (1173–1266)[1][2] or (1188 (584 Hijri) - May 7, 1280 (679 Hijri))[3][4], commonly known as Baba Farid (Punjabi: ???? ????, ???? ?????), was a 12th-century Sufi preacher and saint of the Chishti Order of South Asia.[1]

Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Ganjshakar, a Sufi, is generally recognized as the first major poet of the Punjabi language[3] and is considered one of the pivotal saints of the Punjab region. Revered by Muslims and Hindus, he is also considered one of the fifteen Sikh Bhagats within Sikhism and his selected works form part of the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh sacred scripture.[5]

Life and genealogy

Baba Farid was born in 1173 or 1188 CE (584 Hijri) at Kothewal village, 10 km from Multan in the Punjab region of Pakistan, to Jamal-ud-din Suleiman and Maryam Bibi (Qarsum Bibi), daughter of Sheikh Wajih-ud-din Khojendi.[6] He was a descendant of the Farrukhzad, known as Jamal-ud-Dawlah, a Persian (Tajik) king of eastern Khorasan.[7]

He was the grandson of Shaykh Shu'aib, who was the grandson of Farrukh Shah Kabuli, the king of Kabul and Ghazna. When Farrukh Shah Kabuli was killed by the Mongol hordes invading Kabul, Farid’s grandfather, Shaykh Shu'aib, left Afghanistan and settled in the Punjab in 1125.[8]

Farid’s genealogy is a source of dispute, as some trace his ancestors back to al-Husayn while others trace his lineage back to the second Caliph Umar ibn Khattab. Baba Farid's ancestors came from Kufa, while Abdullah ibn Umar died during the Hajj, and was buried in Makkah. The family tree of Baba Fareed traces through Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin Adham, whose ancestors came from Kufa. Kufa was the capital of the Caliphate of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, and it is a known fact in history that Abdullah ibn Umar refused until his death to pledge allegiance to 'Ali ibn Abi Talib when the latter became Caliph. It is also relevant to mention that the same Abdullah ibn Umar did accept Yazid as Caliph, as well as his father Muawiyya ibn Abi Sufyan. Therefore it is fair that his genealogy from Nasab o Nisbat Farid tracing back to 'Ali ibn Abi Talib also be included in his biography, in addition to the second version tracing back to Umar ibn Khattab. This is why the famous Hadith scholar of India, a follower of the Chisti school wrote in Mashaikh e Chist about the ancestor of Baba Farid, Ibrahim bin Adham Qalandar: "His ancestry through the medium of five predecessors, links up with Hadhrat Umar. Some people claim that he was a Sayyid of the line of Hadhrat Husain. He was born in the city of Balkh. His nickname was Abu Ishaq. Khwajah Fudhail Bin Iyadh had conferred the mantle of Khilaafate to him. Besides being the Khalifah of Hadhrat Fudhail, he was also the Khalifah of Khwajah Imran Ibn Musa, Khwajah Imam Baqir, Khwajah Shaikh Mansur Salmi and Khwajah Uwais Qarni."[9]

Baba Farid's genealogy tracing back to Husayn from Nasab o Nisbat Farid is as follows:

1. Ali ibn Abi Talib
2. Sayyid us-Shuhada Abu ‘Abd Allah Imam Husayn
3. Sayyidina Imam ul Mushaideen Imam ‘Ali Zayn al-Abidin
4. Alam Awwal wa Aakhir Sayyidina Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad al-Baqir
5. Mard e-Haqq Sayyidina Abd Allah Daqdaq
6. Fakhr Bani Adam Sayyidina Mansur Abu Nasir Hashim
7. Munba e-Jod o Karam Sayyidina Nasir Adham
8. Tark a-Aquleem Sayyidina Abu Ishaq Ibrahim (Ibrahim Bin Adham)
9. 'Abd al-Fatah Ishaq Nasir ul-Deen
10. 'Ali Waiz al-Akbar
11. ‘Aali Rutba Buland Akhtar Muhammad al-Waiz al-Asghar
12. Mahram e-Israr Majud Masud Sama’an
13. Sar Halqa e-Badghan e-Ilah Sulman (Sama’an Shah)
14. Mazhar e-Dhat Wajib ul-Wujud Sayyidina Nasir ud-din Mahmud (Nasheyman Shah)
15. Fana f-illah Sayyidina Shahab ud-din Ahmad Shaheed Furukh Shah: King of Kabulistan, Khorasan
16. Imam ul-Sufiyya wal Tasawwuf Sayyidina Muhammad Yusuf
17. Mushahid e-Dhat e-Ahad Sayyidina ‘Abd al-Rahman Ahmad Shaheed
18. Imam Bae Shak o-Raeb Sayyidina Seraj ud-din Shuaib
19. Khwaja Doraan Sayyidina Jamal ud-din Sulaiman Kiuliwal
20. Sayyidina wa Mawlana Baba Fariduddin Ganjshakar (d. 668 AH)

The alternative version of his genealogy tracing back to Umar ibn Khattab is as follows:

1. Hazrat Umar Bin Khattab, second Caliph
2. Abdullah (Bin Umar)
3. Nasir
4. Sulaiman
5. Adham, King of Balkh and Bukhara
6. Ibrahim Bin Adham, aka Abou Ben Adham
7. Ishaq
8. Abul Fatah
9. Abdullah Waa'iz Kobra
10. Abdullah Waa'iz Soghra
11. Masood
12. Sulaiman
13. Ishaq
14. Mohammad
15. Naseeruddin
16. Farrukh Shah Kabuli, King of Afghanistan
17. Shahabuddin Kabuli
18. Mohammed
19. Yousuf
20. Ahmed, died fighting Hulagu Khan
21. Shoaib
22. Jamaluddin Sulaiman
23. Baba Fareed Gunj Shakar

Baba Farid received his early education at Multan, which had become a centre for education

Abbotsford Sikh Temple - 1910

Abbotsford Sikh Temple - 1910

37089 South Fraser Way, Abbotsford, BC.

Description of Historic Place:

The Abbotsford Sikh Temple is a one and one-half storey, wood-frame vernacular structure set on a full raised basement, with a false front parapet, an upper balcony running along three of the facades, and a prominent poured concrete stairway leading to the main central entrance on the upper level. It is located on a prominent knoll on South Fraser Way in the centre of Abbotsford, between the early settlements of Clearbrook and downtown Abbotsford. The Sikh Temple has been designated as a National Historic Site, including the original Temple building with its additions, the present 'Nishan Sahib' (flag pole) and the bases of earlier flag poles, including the remnants of the base of the original 'Nishan Sahib'.

Heritage Value:

The Abbotsford Sikh Temple ('Gurdwara') is a valuable symbol of the early roots of the Sikh community and the larger Indo-Canadian community in this region of Canada. The builders of this temple were part of the initial wave of immigration from India, before a restrictive immigration policy was implemented, making further immigration virtually impossible for the next fifty years. The Sikh population was centred in Vancouver, the Fraser Valley and Vancouver Island, and consisted mainly of male sojourners, whose families remained in India. Locally, most of the Sikhs worked for the Abbotsford Lumber Company, once B.C.'s third largest forestry employer. The use of local materials to construct the Temple was significant, representing the Sikh connection to the lumber industry and to the Abbotsford Lumber Company, which donated the lumber for the temple, demonstrating the mutual interdependence of large, isolated industrial plants and their local workforce.

The Abbotsford Sikh Temple is the only Gurdwara from the pioneer phase of Sikh immigration to Canada that has survived, and is the oldest surviving Sikh Temple in North America. Construction started on the Temple in 1910 and was completed by 1912. Built of wood-frame construction, the false front parapet, simple rectangular floor plan and front gabled roof are typical of vernacular commercial buildings of the period. This was a pragmatic adaptation of Sikh traditions using a common frontier style, which expressed the men's limited financial resources and their desire to integrate with the community. The building is typical of early purpose-built Canadian Sikh temples, containing all the elements of a traditional Gurdwara, including the prayer hall on the upper level and a communal kitchen and dining area at ground level. The utilitarian interior, with tongue-and-groove wooden walls and regular fenestration, became common features of early Canadian temples. The location at the crest of a hill on busy South Fraser Way contributes to the Sikh Temple's landmark status.

The Temple was the centre of Abbotsford's Sikh community, serving both religious and social needs and acting as the reception centre for new immigrants. It was enlarged to the rear in 1932 to extend the prayer hall and a second addition was built in the late 1960s, changes which reflect the growth of the Sikh community, particularly once wives and children were allowed to immigrate. A new, much larger Temple was constructed across the road in 1983, but the original Temple was retained as a symbol of the struggles and achievements of the Sikh pioneers.

Source: City of Abbotsford

Character-Defining Elements:

Key elements that define the heritage character of the Sikh Temple include its:
- original location on a prominent knoll on South Fraser Way
- institutional, vernacular form, scale and massing as expressed by its one and one-half-storey height, full raised basement, simple rectangular floor plan, and informal additions to the rear
- exterior architectural details such as its: false front parapet; front gable roof with generous porch roof, supported by steel posts; wraparound upper verandah running along three sides; a prominent central, poured concrete stairway leading to the main entrance on the upper level; five separate staircases to access the upper level
- wood-frame construction, with horizontal wooden drop siding, and door and window mouldings of dimensional lumber
- masonry elements such as board-formed concrete foundations and brick chimneys
- exterior details of the two rear additions, the first with a dropped roofline and the second with a slightly sloped roof
- regular fenestration, with double-hung 1-over-1 wooden-sash windows
- spatial configuration of the interior, such as the main central entrance opening directly into the upper-storey prayer hall, with a community kitchen and dining hall on the lower level
- interior details in the prayer hall including: narrow tongue-and-groove wooden panelling; picture rails; raised floor; wooden arches and ornate canopy defining the altar; and early pendant light fixture
- the present 'Nishan Sahib' (flag pole) and the bases of earlier flag p

false flooring india

Similar posts:

floor heat pump

shaw carpet flooring

pelvic floor strength

floor pads

floor store dublin

underground house floor plans

types hardwood flooring

Post a comment

Private comment

Search form
Display RSS link.
Friend request form

Want to be friends with this user.